📸 Skai Chan Photography

Photo Post Production / Processing (Editing)

basic photo editing advanced photo editing

The sample photographs above show the difference between basic and advanced editing (zoomed in from actual photograph).

#1 Post-production for photography

Post-production, also known as post-process, is the stage after the actual photoshoot (production). It involves culling (selecting/filtering) and editing (enhancing/retouching) of the photographs; both processes are crucial in producing good photographs. Post-production usually takes much longer time than the actual photoshoot.

Photo culling (selecting/ filtering)

Photo culling is to select the best photographs out of the entire album. It's a tough and tedious job, which helps to differentiate the skill and experience of the photographers. A photographer may have many good photographs in the final album, but displaying a bad one alone is enough to tarnish his reputation.

The quantity of photographs can be huge for both portrait and event photoshoots. Most professional photographers would, at times, take multiple shots (can be in burst mode) in anticipation of bad photographs, especially caused by blinking of eyes or movement by the subject.

People with art sense would seek for only the best photographs. Having a huge quantity of good photographs would eventually bore the viewers halfway because it can be draining and the attention span of human is rather short. If more photographs are taken, more effort and time are also required to cull the photographs to select the best.

The first step of photo culling is to look at the overall feel of the photograph and the second step is to zoom in to judge the expression and the tiny details. If there's more than one similar good photograph, it takes more effort to select the best one. If the album consists of many photographs, that means the photographer has to repeat these many times.

Photo culling can be done easier if the photographer who's filtering the photographs can simply delete every "bad photograph" instantly. However, for photographers who are extremely passionate and value every shot, it takes more time to filter the photographs because some "bad" photographs can actually be saved. One common way to rectify photographs is by cropping them. For example, if there's a very nice photograph of a subject but there's a photobomb behind - cropping away the photobomb may help. For the case of portrait shoot, if the model's expression is great but her feet look bad/awkward, cropping away part of the legs at the appropriate length may be able to save it as well. If part of a good photograph is over-exposed, the photographer may try to lower down the brightness.

Unfortunately, photo culling is the most marginalised process of post production by non-photographers who over simply it.

#3 Three types of photo editing (enhancing/ retouching)

Photo editing has different categories and different photographers may use different terms. I've categorised my photo editing into three types - basic, advanced and extreme.

Photo editing helps to bring out the mood that the photographer wishes to accomplish. Simply by editing the colour tone and exposure would change the feel of the photograph entirely. In some cases, the photographs would require some retouching on the subjects to further achieve the goal.

Why not straight from camera?
Most cameras have their own pre-set settings and users may have a few options to select, for examples, colour tone, saturation and contrast. The setting will determine the appearance of the photographs at the display screen of the camera. However, the camera (1) cannot remove flaws and (2) using pre-sets from the camera manufacturer will make photographs seem like they are being taken by just any camera owner.

Do note that post-production work is subjected to individual photographer's professional taste and preference. Do not request/ demand a professional photographer to follow another photographer's style. Therefore, do engage the services of the photographer only if you like his work.

raw photo
Raw: Straight from camera with default settings.

basic edited photo
Basic editing: Exposure and colour corrected to the photographer's standard. May include cropping.

advanced edited photo
Advanced editing: Includes skin retouching to enhance the skin. On average, may require 1.5 hours of work for each photo.

The dimension of the photographs above are reduced for web purpose. The actual size I will give to clients is larger (can be printed) and thus viewers can spot flaws (if there is any) easier.

All photoshoots, by default, will only have basic editing included in the package. For photoshoots that require massive number of photographs, such as event photoshoots, most or almost all clients won't pay for advanced editing. If you are rich, of course, you can pay the photographer extra (depending on his own rate) to do advanced editing instead, which is subjected to his availability as well.

I. Basic editing

It refers to fine tuning of the colour tone, exposure (brightness) and cropping to the photographer's standard.

No professional photographer can get the exposure level perfectly right on the spot for all photographs, unless it is shot in a studio or indoor environment where the ambient light does not interfere and the correct exposure is measured before the start of the shoot, and also, given the subject is placed at the exact spot without moving a step. Given that the exposure metering of DSLR camera is not 100% reliable, especially when background's light is strong (back-lighting), every photograph will require at least a little editing for exposure for the perfectionists. Photographs taken at different spots of a location may have different colour tones as well. Every photographer also has his own preference on the colour tone, level of contrast and clarity, and he may increase or reduce them.

Do note that if you are only paying for basic editing, you are advised to engage a professional hair and makeup artist (HMUA) to do a makeover for you. If you have a tight budget and can only afford a "budget HMUA", it will definitely affect the quality of the photographs that you are appearing inside.

II. Advanced editing

Some photographers may use the terms "refined editing" or "full editing". It includes removal of tiny flaws on the photograph, such as a small patch of dirt.

basic edited photo advanced edited photo
The sample photograph above was taken using a large softbox at an angle near the lens. The flat light did help to smoothen the complexion a little.

basic edited photo - zoomed in advanced edited photo - zoomed in
The sample photograph above was taken using a large softbox at the closest distance possible and thus the lighting has already made the complexion of the models in the RAW file much smoother, or otherwise, you will be able to see a bigger contrast between the two types of editing. For the advanced editing, I have tried to keep it as natural as possible since it is just a casual couple shoot.

basic edited photo advanced edited photo
The sample above is a very common editing for a close-up shoot. It's not the best example since the model has natural good complexion and that I had used a very large softbox during the golden hour. The main edited parts are the eyebags and armpits.

A high-end portrait photoshoot usually includes skin retouching, such as removal of the usual skin imperfection that include pimples, freckles, stretch marks, scars and bruises, and rough skin. Of course, some of these may, instead, be deemed as good features by some people.

No matter how skilful a makeup artist is, flaws are likely going to appear inside the photographs, depending on the angle and lighting, and thus will require photo editing. Of course, having the help from a good hair and makeup artist will always be better than a normal one. Besides, it also depends on the budget and skill, the makeup artist may even hide scars on the other parts of the body, which will lessen post-production work.

PhotoShop (post-production) work can be easy but doing a good job that makes the photograph looks natural and unedited is extremely difficult and requires great amount of patience. Smoothening a face is not only about adding blurriness or over-exposing it like what most mobile phone applications do. This is why many amateur photographers' portrait works look bad - they flatten the faces or make them look like plastic.

Depending on the skill and effort of the photographer and other factors such as the model's skin condition and makeup, it may take a couple of hours to work on each photograph. It is not as easy as using phone applications (app) that simply blurs the entire face to make it look "flawless" and often, like a plastic or alien. However, if your art sense tells you that phone applications can do 90% of the work, you are highly encouraged not to waste money on hiring any professional photographer.

To judge the skill of the photographer, open the edited photograph at its full size and look through every part.

Since advanced editing requires the extra time and effort for each photograph, photographers usually charge by per photograph and it is not cheap. Unfortunately, most non photographers do not appreciate or understand it.

III. Extreme editing

advanced edited photo extreme edited photo
The sample photograph above was first finished with basic and advanced editing. Then the background was cleared up (extreme editing). This is a very simple example of extreme editing to remove distraction, which also makes a big difference.

basic edited photo extreme edited photo
The sample photograph above was first finished with basic editing. Advanced and extreme editing were then applied. Extreme editing was done to remove the panty line (seamless panty could have solved the issue during the actual shoot) and the actual panty that had slipped out of the leotard on her left thigh (right side of photo).

Extreme editing of the photographs, such as removal, merging or adding of objects, are very time-consuming and tedious, but can make big differences if you put the raw and finished photographs side by side. It may also include "slimming" of the model. Of course, different photographers have different limitations for editing. I have spent over five hours working on a model with bad complexion, basic makeup, different colour tones on body and meaty body.

I currently don't provide this extreme service because some photographs almost cannot be edited to look natural. I simply can't guarantee which photograph and task can be done and I don't give empty promise. However, out of good will, I may try some simple editing (if very necessary) on photographs that clients request for advanced editing.

#4 Photo editing information

I. Two schools of thought on photo editing

There are two extreme schools of thought on photo editing. Of course, there are also people who are more neutral or aren't too outspoken about it but that's for another topic.

  1. Please Photoshop me well
    My most frequent encounter while doing photography is having the guests/ subjects (during events) requesting me to edit their faces well. I've also encountered being requested to remove casual photographs taken during a friend's housewarming party (I don't do advanced editing for these), and to my best understanding, due to the ladies wanting to maintain their looks (self edited) in their social media profiles.

    Photo editing APPs are also popular among people who frequently share their photographs and videos on social media. Most mobile phones also have default software that modifies/ beautifies faces automatically (default setting). There're also mobile phone users who only use certain APPs (eg. Meitu) for selfie because somehow the APPs can take "better photographs" (auto photo editing).

    These show that people, in general, are more inclined to having their faces edited in photographs. It may be light photo editing, such as smoothening of their skin and removal of pimples, or more extreme ones, such as enlarging their eyes or turning their chin into V-shape.

    There's nothing wrong with people wanting to look better in social media. It may help to boost their confidence, which is one of my goals in portrait photography. The possible drawback is some people may criticise the changes being too artificial.
  2. I love my imperfection
    Some people do consider their imperfection on their faces as unique features. There's nothing wrong with people who love freckles, stretchmarks or even scars (some girls do think men with scars look more muscular). It's definitely good that people are feeling very comfortable with themselves. Besides, one of my goals in photography is to bring confidence to people; hence, this group of people have already reached the level of confidence that can bring happiness to themselves.

    I do have some extreme encounters with such group of people.

    The first unfortunate incident involves a project to create an album to target a specific group of potential clients and also to showcase my photo editing skill. The volunteer model (a plus sized non-model) went through my work and agreements, without stating any concern/ request at all. She received a professionally taken and edited album for free without giving me any feedback. A year later, I realised she had been grumbling behind me on how I had made her look too perfect (less bulky and all scars and stretchmarks removed).

    Next incident occurred after I included a caption on my new Instagram post to encourage people to have their photographs taken because professional photographers could do wonders to help them. My casual writing was a direct response to friends who had been reluctant to do portrait photoshoot, stating flaws, such as pimples, scars and stretchmarks. Someone took words out of context and started accusing me of insulting others because she thought the mentioned imperfections weren't flaws.

II. Necessity for advanced photo editing

Since advanced photo editing requires more time and effort, the price is much higher than basic editing. There are some situations where advanced photo editing is highly recommended, but after all, it depends on the budget of the client. That means advanced editing can be requested even for just a personal photo album.

  1. Size of photographs to be viewed at
    Photographs that are produced by DSLR can be extremely sharp and have high resolution. They definitely have more details than photographs taken by camera phone (small sensor size). Therefore, if you view a photograph taken by a DSLR in on a large screen or poster (printed out), every tiny flaw can become very obvious.

    Fortunately and unfortunately, if you are planning to upload the photographs strictly only into your social media profiles (don't regret in future), some flaws may not be obvious since social media platforms like Facebook and Instagram usually reduce the resolution of the uploaded photographs. Taking an extreme example, if you are taking a photograph to make your identification card (ID) or passport, eventually, the printed version of your face on the small document likely won't show the tiny flaws on your face because the resolution of the printed document is usually very low and much details have been lost.
  2. Purpose of photographs
    If the use of the photographs is for professional purpose, such as commercial, it's highly advisable to apply advanced editing. If a company requires the photographs for marketing purpose, having professionally retouched photographs would leave a better impression on potential customers. Important photoshoots such as pre-wedding and modelling portfolio are required as well, for the viewers may be scrutinised.
  3. Your view on your imperfections
    Do you put on makeup before going out? Do you use any phone app to edit your photographs? If you answer yes to any of these questions, you're basically interested in getting your imperfections removed from your photographs and thus you want advanced editing for your photographs.

    Of course, if you truly treat the common imperfections on your face and body as merits, you probably don't need any photo editing to remove them.

III. Makeup VS Photo editing

Makeup has some purposes - (1) to conceal your imperfections like eyebags, acne and scars, (2) highlight your features, (3) shape your face and (4) improve vitality (colour). Majority of the photographers aren't makeup artists and although they can conceal some imperfections on Photoshop, they likely don't have the expertise of makeup artists to do the rest.

Unfortunately, even with the help of a good hair and makeup artist (HMUA), your imperfections are likely to appear on photographs and they require advanced editing to be removed.

Let's take for an example, if a certain imperfection isn't concealed during the makeup, the photographer/ retoucher would have to edit away the same flaw on all photographs. The more photo editing work is done, the higher chance for mistakes to appear. Due to different positions/ angles of the subject and lighting, the editing work would be required at different part of the photographs, where photo editing work can be made more difficult. It's difficult to do the exact same editing on multiple photographs and thus the area may appear to be different. Eventually, there's a higher chance for viewers to catch mistakes or simply guess that the photo is "Photoshopped" (not natural).

Both makeup and photo editing work side by side to improve the quality of photographs.

IV. Photographer VS Retoucher

A person who does the photo editing (enhancing/ retouching) job is a retoucher. Most freelance photographers in Singapore do their own editing. Photographers who are in very high demand may outsource the photo editing job to a retoucher so that they can freeze up more time in order to take up more photography projects. Photography companies may also spilt the tasks (photography and photo editing) to the dedicated in-house talents.

For basic editing, all photographers and photography companies have their unique preferred adjustments for their photographs. For examples, some photographers add a purplish or green colour tone to the photographs and some prefer to have a higher clarity level or contrast; some photographers may also like to brighten or darken the shadows to create different moods. The sets of rules can be followed easily, unlike advanced editing.

Photographer as retoucher
The actual photographers know best what need to be adjusted and edited on the photographs to his standard. For example, some photographers may underexpose the photographs on purpose so that certain parts of the photographs will not be over or under exposed, and thus losing details. He will be able to produce consistent quality of work throughout if he's doing the photo editing work himself, so that clients won't be shocked after receiving the photographs.

However, for the sake of privacy, it will be a better if that the photographer is doing the photo editing work, especially for art or glamour photoshoot.

If the photo editing job is handed over to a third party, a retoucher, the photographer or photography company may give instructions on what to be edited. Without doubt, some retouchers may have superb photo editing skill while not all photographers are good at photo editing. I believe in "practice makes perfect". After all, photographers should try to focus on creating the photographs and also try to get everything right during the actual photoshoot to minimise photo editing work.

V. JPG VS Camera Raw

Most DSLR can generate two types of file format - JPG (*.jpg) and camera raw (eg. *.ARW, *.CR2). Most professional photographers prefer to work with camera raw files but there are also some who choose JPG files since they do not intend to do much (or any) post-production work after the photoshoot.

JPG files are usually the image file format that photographers would return to their clients. They have many advantages. They are light-weighted (smaller file size), contain sufficient details for viewing pleasure and can be viewed on most devices like computers and mobile phones.

Camera raw files are unprocessed image files that contains more details and thus have more rooms for adjustments (can tolerate higher level of errors during the shoot). One example is when you try to brighten a JPG file during post-production, the underexposed parts may remain dark and more noise may appear; whereas a camera raw file has more margins for adjustment and there will also be less noise appearing on the photograph. However, they have much larger file size and thus are disadvantaged in storage and speed of navigation.

VI. Photo editing: Mobile phone VS Computer

Most non photographers assume photo editing work is simple and fast. One cause of the wrong assumption is the ease of photo editing app on smart phones. There's no one master key to edit all photographs, except for presets for some basic settings, since every photograph requires different adjustment.

Without doubt, the hardware of mobile phone and the capability of photo editing app have improved over the years and you can easily do basic editing on mobile phones, such as adjusting the exposure, colour temperature... etc. However, the professional way of editing photos are still very much dependable on computer (desktop/ laptop) and the mainstream software like Adobe's product. It's about efficiency and detailed editing.

  1. Speed of loading
    The hardware of computer, in general, is better than mobile phones'. With the advancement of technology, although some mobile phones are able to view and edit raw files that are huge in file size, the speed of loading the files and making changes are likely to be slower than computer.
  2. Convenience/ ease of editing
    The use of keyboard with mouse/ pen mouse are easier than using fingers or stylus, especially on a small screen.
  3. Detailed editing
    Computer screen and monitors are much larger the phone's small screen. You can further zoom in many times on a computer to take out tiny flaws.
  4. Batch photo editing
    Loading multiple files is taxing on the hardware. In general, desktops and laptops have stronger hardware and are more capable of handling any batch editing better than mobile phones.

#5 Photo editing by Skai Chan

I. Items that may be included for advanced editing

Below are the details that I may work on for advanced editing, especially when no hair and makeup artist (HMUA) is involved. Over-editing may make the photos become "fake" and thus it is quite challenging to strike a balance sometimes. Most of the time, I'll try to keep the photographs as natural as possible and not over-edit them.

  1. Strands of hair covering face
    Small strands of hair covering the face or eyes will make the photograph look unpresentable. The flow of hair should be in uniform direction. Hair being separated in certain condition, for example, forming a "hole" (can be circular or triangular) won't look good. For certain angles, the ear should not pop out from the chunk of hair, which will look like mickey mouse. In many cases, such photographs have to be given up because it's too difficult to be edited to look natural.
  2. Not-so-nice complexion
    This is pretty straightforward. With pimples, acne or scars won't make the photo looks nice. Depending on the condition of the face, the time taken to touch up varies. Even with the help of a good makeup artist, the photographer will very likely need to touch up a little due to angle of lighting but things would be so much easier.
  3. Extreme uneven skin tone
    This happens frequently when no makeup artist is involved. Most models who know how to do simple makeup will tend to overlook it when they apply foundation on their faces, such that the face and neck have obvious different colour tones.
  4. Scars and bruises on body parts
    For a commercial photoshoot, the makeup artist will cover them up during the makeup session. However, for a non-commercial shoot where budget is much more limited, most makeup artists won't do such tedious job.
  5. Stretch marks
    Most people, regardless of body type, do have stretch marks. People with more body fats and pregnant ladies will have more. Most people are concerned with stretch marks because it does give viewers an impression that they are fat. However, I've also come across a handful of girls who treat stretch marks as unique features.
  6. Holy moles and freckles
    Similar to stretch marks, some people prefer to leave them untouched. Eventually, it depends on the purpose of the photographs to determine the editing.
  7. Panda eyes
    The dark eye bags would give viewers an impression that the subject is weak. Panda eyes should at least be brightened. This is why the model needs a good rest the night before.
  8. Yellowish teeth
    Yellowish teeth is quite common for models who love drinking tea or coffee. It may give a dirty feel to the photographs. If necessary, the teeth can be whiten to an extent.
  9. Dark armpits
    Depending on the outfit, sometimes, armpits can be revealed and dark armpits can be very distracting.
  10. Composition
    Most non-advanced cameras have around 97% view on the viewfinder and thus the photos taken will be larger than the intended ones. Therefore, some cropping may be needed for some photographs. In many situations, perfect composition would be sacrificed during the photoshoot in order to capture some once-in-a-lifetime moments/ expression; therefore some cropping will be required eventually to perfect the photographs.
  11. Basic editing: Lighting (exposure) and colour (white balance)
    Technology of camera is not good enough to determine which is the real "white" colour. Therefore, the overall colour tone will tend to lean towards to a certain tone. During the shoot, a white balance card may be used to set it. However, any change of light may change the white balance again. Therefore, setting a correct white balance is almost inevitable during post-production work, especially if a certain mood (colour tone) is expected.

    There is also no perfect lighting condition for any photoshoot. Therefore, some post-production work may be required to darken certain spots that are too bright and also brighten some that are too dark. Different skin tone will also affect the exposure. Lastly, it's never easy to get a perfect exposure unless a light meter is used, which is expensive and time consuming. Furthermore, it's impossible to judge the exposure properly on the small LCD screen on the back of the camera.

I'm in for a discussion if the client doesn't want any body part to be edited, such as freckles and moles. Just wink at me and we can pillow fight over it before the start of the photoshoot.

II. My usual procedure for post-production

After every shoot, I will need to upload the photographs into my computer and external hard disk. Some very established photographers may even have two or three external hard disks or even include cloud service.

The crucial rule of doing post-production work is to stop working when fatigue hits; no one makes the best judgment in a bad state. Going through photographs makes eyes tired and making the decision to adjust or remove every photograph tires the brain out. In many cases, a slight editing of a photograph makes a big improvement that it may give a wrong impression that the work is already perfect; but often, when you go through the photograph again, you may realise that something can be further done to improve it, by a small margin perhaps. No doubt, sometimes, it's just an artist's bad habit to overdo it.

Below is an example of the common steps for handing the photographs after an event shoot. Do note that I would usually repeat the steps to view and edit the photographs dozens more times than stated below and over a period of time (usually, over days). These are done to ensure the best quality of work.

Patience is necessary for good art. Since I don't go through the album just a couple of times and decide it's the final version, it would take days or weeks to finalise an album. By going through the photographs many times over a long period of time, it allows me to select the photographs that have longer lasting beauty.

It's an insult to the professional photographer when a client suggests/insists in doing the post-production work on behalf of the photographer. It is indirectly telling the photographer that the client can do the same or even better post-production work than the photographer.

III. Contribution to the length of post-production work

The time I would need to spend in order to give my clients the final photographs are greatly influenced by various factors.

  1. My schedule, including personal commitment
    I usually work on my photoshoot albums based on first-come-first-serve principle for fairness. Therefore, if I'm already "owing" many clients their photographs before the photoshoot, it will definitely take longer time for me to even get started with the latter albums. I also have my personal life - partner, family, friends, other hobbies and investments.
  2. Availability of my consultant
    For some photo albums, especially for portraits, I may consult my partner, the HMUA involved or even my advisor (HMUA Tricia Lee) for a second opinion, especially if I need the point of view from a female. Since none of them owes me anything, I don't have the right to rush them, which means the post-production may be delayed by a few days.
  3. Number of photographs snapped
    Culling of photographs isn't as simple as what most non-photographers think. The more photographs I take during the photoshoot, including test shots, the longer time I'll need to filter the photographs. On the other hand, having more photographs to select from, the final photographs will have better quality.
  4. Number of final photographs required
    This is pretty straight-forward. The number of final photographs I'm going to produce will highly influence the time to be taken, especially for photographs that require advanced editing. Each photograph may require, on average, 1.5 hours, depending on the skin conditions of the subject(s), the amount of skin revealed, the quality of makeup and hairstyling and many other factors.

    To sum up, the more photographs with advanced editing the client needs, the longer time it will take to finish the photographs.
  5. Quality of hairstyling and makeup (for advanced portrait editing)
    It is not only time-consuming but also frustrating when no professional hair and makeup artist (HMUA) is involved, especially when the model does not have good complexion. The easiest and fastest way to solve the complexion problem is to blur out the model's face but it will create a fake plastic look. This is what most girls are doing on their own photographs when free mobile phone applications are so common. My style is to zoom in to remove tiny flaws and minimize the amount of blurriness to be applied on the face - it just takes so much more time but can produce more natural photographs. Strands of hair cutting across the eyes and face usually gives me the most headaches.
  6. My performance
    The photographer, which is me, does make mistakes sometimes as well. Some "mistakes" are unavoidable due to various constraints. I always try to spend time to figure out how to "save" the better photographs. Thus, my effort and time to be spent on the photo editing will also be a lot more.
  7. Season of the year
    Both my tuition agency and photography businesses have peak and off peak periods. Therefore, there are certain times of the year I may be busier.

#6 Photo editing gone wrong

basic edited photo basic edited photo basic edited photo
The photograph of the poster was taken by me during one of my event shoots. I added mosaic to the face and nametag.

1) The original photograph was taken by a camera phone.
2) The messy background was cropped away to make it white.
3) The edited photograph was printed on a A4 size paper as a poster.
4) The poster was then pasted onto the glass window.

There are two obvious mistakes in the editing (cropping of the lady). Firstly, The hair was cropped in an unnatural way. Secondly, parts of the shirt were cropped away. The editing work was obviously not done by a professional photographer, retoucher nor designer. I assume it was a very quick work.

You get what you pay for.

Since the posters were meant for a non-profit event and there was a huge number of them, the quality of the editing wasn't a big issue. For such small community projects, paying for professional work (it costs a lot) done would not serve the purposes - the money can be better spent on the less fortunate people instead. On a side note, since the original photographs were not professionally taken, it didn't worth the effort to do any professional editing on them.

Nevertheless, if the poster is meant for commercial purpose, it would have greatly tarnished the reputation of the company.

Above is an example of how editing work has gone wrong. Look at the gate at the background - the straight lines make it so obvious that the person has edited the body of the lady.

#7 FAQ

  1. Will my photographs be edited by you personally?
    Many retouchers have been spamming me and I dislike that and won't hesitate to block them. I have yet to find a solution that a third person can do what I want. Most of all, I'm concerned with the privacy of the photographs. Therefore, as of now, I'm still a one-man-show for everything.
  2. Why is advanced editing much more expensive than basic editing?
    There's no "one-click button" to do advanced photo editing. It requires much longer time and effort to make the photographs will look natural, so that nobody can spot that it's being "Photoshopped", especially after zooming in. It may take 1.5 to 2 hours on every photograph, depending on the skin condition, amount of skin shown and many other factors.

    There are, of course, some retouchers who may offer low price for the services. Generally, you get what you pay for. I personally will put in my best effort because every photograph is going to be part of my portfolio.

#8 Credits

I would like to thank all the kind "models" for giving me the consent to display the "before and after" PhotoShopped images here to educate everyone. Thank you, thank you, thank you!

You may be interested in:
- Customized & personalized photography for you
- Quality and quantity of photographs - contributing factors
- How can photographers return photographs fast
- How many photographs should a photographer give?
- Misconceptions and myths in professional photography

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Page last modified on Wed, 01 September 2021