Frequently Asked Questions for Photography in Singapore

On this page, I will give you answers to some of your doubts. They will include personal stuffs, my working style and general questions about photography. If you have anything to ask, do contact me.

1.0. Engaging a Photographer

  1. Why do I have to place a booking fee (deposit)?
  2. Is the booking fee (deposit) refundable if I call off the shoot?
  3. Isn't it dangerous to place a deposit - what if the photographer doesn't show up?
  4. Why do photographers have to collect the full payment right at the end of the shoot?
  5. If I have to select a number of photos for defined/full editing and the final payment may not be confirmed, can I make the full payment at the end of the process?
  6. What happens if it rains right before or during the outdoor shoot?
  7. Can I be shot with professional lighting?
  8. Why do photographers need weeks or months to return me my photos?
  9. Can I get back the photos within the same day if I were to pay you more? For example, I want the wedding gatecrash photos to be ready for the banquet.
  10. Can I get back just one or two photos on the same day?
  11. Can I get back all the photos?
  12. Can I have the RAW files?
  13. Why can't I edit the photos?
  14. Why do you have to remove the links to my photos from your server within a few days?
  15. Can photographers don't post 'my' photos online?
  16. What rights do I own if I don't buy over the copyrights of the photos?

2.0. Event Photoshoot

  1. I estimate my event will last at most two hours. If it takes only one hour, how much is the charge?
  2. Do you touch up on faces for event shoot?
  3. What is the number of photos I will receive? Can you estimate it?
  4. What will likely affect the quantity of the photos I will receive?
  5. What will affect the quality of the photos usually?
  6. Other than bad lighting, what do you dislike for an event shoot?
  7. Someone has missed the group shot, can you photoshop him into the group photo?
  8. Why do I have to provide a meal for the photographer (you) if the event lasts for long hours?
  9. Can I pay you to take a cab in between venues?
  10. Can you come earlier to take some photos of my family/friends doing the decoration of the venue?
  11. During a big group shoot with kids, why don't you just keep snapping multiple times?
  12. What are the challenges of taking random group photos?

3.0. Portrait Photoshoot

  1. What are the most common mistakes you make for portrait photoshoot and how do you rectify them?
  2. Why do I have to show you the outfit for the photoshoot?
  3. Why do you need to see more of my causal photos before the shoot?
  4. Which genre do you do worst in?
  5. What is your main focus (genre) in portrait shoot?
  6. What kinds of theme will interest you?
  7. Can we do a theme that you will photoshop stuffs in?
  8. Do you do nude photoshoot?
  9. What kind of shoot is most difficult?
  10. Can I do photoshoot if I can't pose?
  11. Can you pose me like a professional model?
  12. Do you take very closed up photos during every photo shoot?
  13. Can I bring my boyfriend along for my personal shoot?
  14. What can I get from you by having a shoot together?
  15. I like your personal tagline 'You don't have to be pretty to appear in photos; you just need to appear pretty in photos'. Will you shoot for me for free?
  16. What makes your portrait photos look good?
  17. Why do you want to try different genres and shooting styles instead of sticking to just a few?
  18. What are the main differences between doing a shoot in a studio and outdoor location?

4.0. Models / Wannabes

  1. Should I trust a portrait photographer as long as I can't find his name being blacklisted online?
  2. Do you do TFCD photoshoot?
  3. What are your goals in collaborating with models?
  4. Will I become famous after doing a shoot with you?
  5. As a model, why do I need a good portfolio?
  6. Do models reward you with "special things" during or after the shoot?
  7. Do you plan a lot for each portrait shoot?

5.0. Interior Photoshoot

  1. Why should I engage a photographer when I have my phone camera?
  2. What are the equipment needed for interior photography?
  3. Do you use fisheye lens for interior photography?
  4. Why is so much time needed for an interior shoot?
  5. What make interior photography difficult?
  6. What do I need to prepare before the shoot?
  7. Do you use flash for interior shoot?

6.0. Experiences

  1. What's your worst encounter before a portrait shoot?
  2. What's your worst encounter during a portrait shoot?
  3. What's your worst encounter after a portrait shoot?
  4. What's the most saddening moments after a portrait shoot?
  5. What's the worst shoot you have done?
  6. Do you regret not buying an advanced camera right at the start?
  7. What's your biggest regret so far?
  8. What's your most embarrassing moment during a shoot?
  9. Have you paid any model for photoshoot before?
  10. Did you get turned on while doing boudoir photoshoot?
  11. Do you get to see 'free show' during photoshoot?
  12. What are your achievements so far for event photography?
  13. Which is the most generous group of clients for event shoot?
  14. Do you have clients who are unsatisfied with your services?
  15. What is the worst studio you have used?
  16. What are the kind things done by clients?
  17. What weird things some clients have done?
  18. What kind of clients you cannot communicate with?
  19. What kind of clients are considered annoying?

7.0. Website, Social Media & Contact

  1. How much did you pay to get this website done?
  2. Why do some photos appear to be 'dead' sometimes?
  3. What are the purposes of this website?
  4. What sort of marketing do you do for this website and your photography business?
  5. Do you do links exchange?
  6. Why is there no write-up for certain of your portrait albums?
  7. Why don't you list your contact number on your website/Facebook?
  8. Why don't you list your email address on your website?
  9. Don't you think people will skip you if you don't list your contact details upfront?
  10. Are the models as good as you have described in their individual pages?

8.0. Working Style

  1. Why do you ask me many non-photography related questions?
  2. Why is your rate sometimes higher than usual?
  3. What kind of people will you avoid working with?
  4. Why do you only shoot in RAW and not together with JPG?
  5. Why do you add a copyright watermark to all photos that you upload?
  6. Why are some of your work being cut/cropped off awkwardly at your models' Instagram profiles?

9.0. Personal

  1. What is the most difficult thing about photography?
  2. Why are you selective of clients and jobs?
  3. How good is your photography skill?
  4. Are you very experienced in photography?
  5. Will you lower down your rate just to take up more photoshoot projects?
  6. How open-minded are you?
  7. Do you plan to go into full-time photography?
  8. How many shoots do you do in a month?
  9. Why don't you go to all the car and IT shows to take photos of models for marketing, networking and building of portfolio?
  10. Why do you have so few photos of yourself?
  11. Why don't you take photos with every model you have shot with?
  12. Would you get a model as girlfriend?
  13. Can I borrow your equipment (camera, lens... etc)?
  14. Why do you not want to work with PR/advertising agencies and 'middle-man' companies?
  15. Why don't you like to entertain new clients who ask you to call them on phone?
  16. What are your non-photography worries for every shoot?

10.0. Hair, Makeup & Grooming

  1. What's the most common mistake models make in their makeup?
  2. Is engaging a hair and makeup artist necessary?
  3. What do you think of the Korean's straight and thick eyebrows for girls?
  4. Can I wear a low-cut top if I don't have big boobs?

11.0. General

  1. Why do some photographers charge much lower rates?
  2. Why some photographers don't like to take up jobs from friends/relatives?
  3. Will I get 100% satisfied photos if I were to engage a big photography company for my shoot?
  4. Without the skill and knowledge in photography, how to get hot models to approach me?
  5. Why is DSLR necessary when phone cameras can do reasonably good job?
  6. I'm obviously not good looking. Can I turn very pretty in a photoshoot?
  7. I think my selfie photos look good after I have edited them using my phone app, don't you think so?
  8. What is the best angle to do selfie?
  9. Why do my face look fatter in photos?
  10. Does skin colour affect people photography?
  11. How do I become a photographer?



1.0. Engaging a Photographer

  1. Why do I have to place a booking fee (deposit)?
    This is to confirm the shoot and protect the photographer's interest. The photographer has to block off the date and time for your shoot, which means he has to reject other people's request for shooting. If you were to cancel the shoot with him suddenly, the fee is to compensate him.
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  2. Is the booking fee (deposit) refundable if I call off the shoot?
    No.
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  3. Isn't it dangerous to place a deposit - what if the photographer doesn't show up?
    There is definitely the existence of such risk. However, if you look at the photographer's website and social media sites, you should know it takes years to build up the portfolio and reputation. To put it simple, the photographer is in the open while you are an 'anonymous'. Of course, you have to 'open your eyes' to see the photographer's websites and not blindly take up any offer from forums or other sites.

    From my experience, there are clients who have approached me for shoots and vanish into the thin air before they have paid me the deposit, leaving me in a lost position whether to ignore the date they need the photography services on.
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  4. Why do photographers have to collect the full payment right at the end of the shoot?
    This is the common practice. As a photographer, my interest is purely in taking photos and my time is packed. If I have to spend my effort and time to remember and chase after payments after the shoots, it's going to kill my passion. Let's face the fact that there are many unethical people/companies who will try all ways to delay payment, hoping to save the cost eventually.

    Throughout my life, I have also met many hypocrites and cheapos who would never show their true colours until after I have helped them. For examples, a registered company delayed my payment for more than three months despite I had been chasing them throughout the period and a client who borrowed part of the full payment from me at the end of the shoot who tried to ask for 'discount' when she was holding that part of the payment.

    Once bitten, twice shy.
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  5. If I have to select a number of photos for defined/full editing and the final payment may not be confirmed, can I make the full payment at the end of the process?
    There's always a confirmed minimum amount of fee for the shoot and you have to pay it upfront at the end of the shoot. If you wish to purchase additional photos or defined/full touch-up photos, you can make the additional payment once you have confirmed your order.
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  6. What happens if it rains right before or during the outdoor shoot?
    The shoot will be done at any sheltered location, likely to be near the original venue.

    If you insist in waiting for the rain to stop to begin the shoot at the planned outdoor location, the shoot will still end on time.

    If you wish to extend the booking time due to the rain, it's subjected to the availability of the photographer, and both you and the photographer will share the cost of the 'waiting time' equally. That means if you are being charged $200/hr, you will have to pay $100 for taking up the photographer's time.
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  7. Can I be shot with professional lighting?
    It depends on the situation and your expectation (do you prefer quality over quantity?). Setting up and keeping professional lighting equipment (with light modifiers) will take a long time and it will also restrict your movement during the shoot and when moving to a new location. Therefore, if you are looking for something like a poster kind of looks, be prepared that you will get back very few photos. For a night shoot, the photographer is likely going to use his lighting equipment. Photographers, of course, have the choice to not use big light modifiers to 'smoothen' their subjects' faces in order to move around faster with less set up.

    This is the reason why you need to book your photographer for long hours for a pre-wedding shoot if you want it to be done very well.
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  8. Why do photographers need weeks or months to return me my photos?
    The actual post-production duration won't take so long. However, since upcoming jobs are inconsistent, there must be a huge buffering time so that the photographer can take up other assignments within the same period of time. For example, if a photographer needs a week's time to do up each set of photos, he cannot promise a client that he will return the photos within a week and reject other clients' requests that fall within the same week due to time constraint. Who knows he may not be able to get any assignment in the following week? By quoting a longer time, it allows the photographer to be more flexible, so that he can utilise his time properly. For example, he can take up two assignments in the first week and block off the second week to do editing work.
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  9. Can I get back the photos within the same day if I were to pay you more? For example, I want the wedding gatecrash photos to be ready for the banquet.
    No. This isn't about money anymore. Quality of my work matters to me most and I will need time to work on them. Most photographers won't be able to do it for you.
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  10. Can I get back just one or two photos on the same day?
    It depends mostly on my schedule but it's definitely chargeable and the photos may not be the final version. For every set of photos I take, I will go through them countless times over days to make changes and I will make sure the feel/mood/style of every photo is similar. For example, colour tone and constrast level.
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  11. Can I get back all the photos?
    It depends on the package that you're getting. In all cases, photographers will only return you the good photos. Bad photos are ugly or under satisfactory ones that can't be shown because the photographers' reputation are at stake.

    There's a saying that the main difference between professional photographers and non professional photographers is that professional photographers know how to filter away bad photos.
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  12. Can I have the RAW files?
    No. RAW files are unprocessed photos that you won't need and in most cases, they are ugly. You pay a photographer because you love his style of work, which include both shooting and editing of photos. Besides, every photographer has his own style of shooting. For example, he may overexpose or underexpose any photo on purpose, and nobody knows that his actual plan.
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  13. Why can't I edit the photos?
    You don't have the rights to and it's just an insult to the photographer that you think you can do a better job. The feel of the photos is the result of both the actual shoot and post-production work. If I take a photo and someone else edits it, it doesn't represent my work anymore.

    If someone really wants to edit the photos on her own, she should buy a camera and get her grandma to take it instead of engaging a professional photographer.

    Photoshopping a photo can be easy but doing a good job is difficult. It speaks the maturity of a person who exclaim 'we can photoshop this later' during a shoot.
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  14. Why do you have to remove the links to my photos from your server within a few days?
    It's to prevent others from downloading it. Besides server space costs money and it's limited.
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  15. Can photographers don't post 'my' photos online?
    No, unless, you buy over the copyrights of the photos and they are usually at a much higher rate. Most photographers have to keep posting the photos they have taken for marketing purpose or even to enter competitions.

    Of course, some photographers may not take pride in their own work and they may not mind. For me, I treat all projects as part of my portfolio and we have the common goal of getting the shoot right. You can judge the effort and quality of work.
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  16. What rights do I own if I don't buy over the copyrights of the photos?
    Basically, you are able to post them online and print them out. You are not allowed to sell the photos or transfer these rights to anyone else.
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2.0. Event Photoshoot

  1. I estimate my event will last at most two hours. If it takes only one hour, how much is the charge?
    Photographers do not take up one-hour event shoot usually, unless that one hour is very well-paid. If you book a photographer for a specific length of time and it happens that your event ends earlier, don't expect to shortchange the photographer.
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  2. Do you touch up on faces for event shoot?
    No. For event shoots, there are too many photos and thus impossible to have faces touched up. Therefore, all hosts and guests are advised to put on their best makeup.
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  3. What is the number of photos I will receive? Can you estimate it?
    There is no guarantee/promise/estimation on this. It is impossible to estimate and I do not wish to give any false hope just to secure any shoot - I will rather lose the project. In any case, it is how much you value quality and quantity that matters most. A photographer can promise you to give you a minimum number of photos but he can easily include all the photos that are less pleasing, totally meaningless or 'repeated'. For example, a photographer can just snap the same people multiple times each at one go or take boring photos for the sake of taking.
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  4. What will likely affect the quantity of the photos I will receive?
    It depends on the activities and guests. If the entire event is about eating, there will also be fewer photos since your guests most probably won't want to have their photos taken with their mouth stuffed with food. If your guests are camera shy or they (likely kids or animals) are moving too fast, there will also be problems.
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  5. What will affect the quality of the photos usually?
    Bad ambiance light - too dim, too harsh or bad angle - that are uncontrollable (such as no white and low ceiling).
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  6. Other than bad lighting, what do you dislike for an event shoot?
    If I'm grounded and cannot move around to find better angles. It can be due to the limited space, overly-excited guests or even due to rules of venue or ceremony.
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  7. Someone has missed the group shot, can you photoshop him into the group photo?
    It can be done but with extra charge. I'm not interested to earn this money since I'm a photographer and not retoucher. I take pride in my work and set a high level of standard, and therefore I would need lots of time and effort to do such major editing work. Many people can do such photoshop work but not many can do a good job.
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  8. Why do I have to provide a meal for the photographer (you) if the event lasts for long hours?
    You don't expect the photographer to starve himself and can't even hold his camera firm nor allow him to leave the venue to get his own food and miss certain good shots.
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  9. Can I pay you to take a cab in between venues?
    Yes, but it's highly advisable not to and instead, do get one of your guests to give me a ride. Taking public transportation is too unpredictable in the timing. Besides, I don't wish anyone to waste any amount of money.
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  10. Can you come earlier to take some photos of my family/friends doing the decoration of the venue?
    Yes, if you wish to book my time earlier, do let me know - I'm more than happy to be able to cover the before-and-after scenes to create a 'complete story'. Generally, photographers will arrive earlier to get prepared and rest for the actual booked time, and no client should take their good intention for granted. If you are the 'cheapo' type of person, I don't think we can work well together; if you are generous, I'm sure you will receive more from me as well.
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  11. During a big group shoot with kids, why don't you just keep snapping multiple times?
    This is a technical question. Group shoot with kids as part of the group can really pose difficulties as it may not be easy to grab the kids' attention to get everyone looking at the camera. Under the best scenario, I can just snap photos multiple times. However, when taking group photo, it will require a smaller aperture (bigger depth of field) to keep everyone in focus and thus there may not be enough light. Very often, speedlite (flash) is required. The problem is speedlite requires time to re-charge the power from the batteries. If I were to snap before the speedlite is fully charged, the photo will turn out to be dark even if you can see flash firing out from the speedlite. Therefore, there will be an interval for clicking the shutter of the camera. This is the usual problem photographers face. Photographers can buy a battery pack but it means extra load on the body.
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  12. What are the challenges of taking random group photos?
    Apart from the technical limitation of requiring a small apertue (less light) to keep everyone's face in focus, the subjects to be taken can pose more challenges. For example, one or two people inside the group may be distracted or are trying to get more people to join in, while the rest are insensitive to the ho-ha. If there is any outspoken person within the group that will demand photos to be taken immediately despite the mess, the photos will not turn out good. Overall, it's the communication with the subjects that will pose the greatest challenge.
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3.0. Portrait Photoshoot

  1. What are the most common mistakes you make for portrait photoshoot and how do you rectify them?
    Unable to spot errors in the models' makeup and outfits. In order to avoid these problems, I will try to discuss the models' personal photos with my MUA friend(s) to judge the models' personal makeup skill and outfits. I will also refuse to shoot with models who do not show me their outfits before the shoot. Of course, this will create another big problem as some models have been working with photographers who don't care much about preparation work.
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  2. Why do I have to show you the outfit for the photoshoot?
    (1) To allow the photographer and HMUA to choose the most suitable one for the theme.
    (2) To avoid choosing the wrong outfit due to miscommunication.
    (3) The makeup artist, hair stylist and photographer need to plan their jobs (colours, style... etc).
    Setting up a portrait shoot is not as easy as what you think!
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  3. Why do you need to see more of my causal photos before the shoot?
    To prepare for the actual shoot, I need to know more about you. The more varieties of photos I can see, the better I can prepare myself, at least mentally. It will also help me to educate you and let you know if there is any constraint. For example, if you have a big tummy, you may not be suitable to do bikini or lingerie shoot. If you insist to do, I have to research and plan for props or poses that can help. If you can't give any good expression in front of the camera, you may not suit all themes, especially if you can't afford to pay a good stylist to work on you. We have got to be realistic. If you have flaws and do not let me know beforehand, apart from illustrating your character, the photos won't turn out well.
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  4. Which genre do you do worst in?
    It's probably sexy themes. Even though I'm extremely open-minded, I'm quite shy with girls who don't know me well. As a male photographer, it's also more sensitive and thus more difficult to make the female model feel comfortable. I always have to hesitate when I give instructions to the models for such themes.
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  5. What is your main focus (genre) in portrait shoot?
    I'm most comfortable in conceptual and lifestyle shoots. However, I wish to try out all sorts of shoots at least once in my life.
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  6. What kinds of theme will interest you?
    Most uncommon themes will be able to stimulate my interest.
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  7. Can we do a theme that you will photoshop stuffs in?
    No. I'm a photographer and I don't wish to be spending too much time on Photoshop. I always plan to shoot to produce work that requires less post-processing work.
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  8. Do you do nude photoshoot?
    In the name of arts, yes if I'm comfortable with the model. However, I prefer glamour/sexy shoot as it is less sensitive. Moreover, nude photoshoot has a small market in Singapore where most people are still very conservative. Eventually, I probably won't be able to upload such photos online in order to keep my website more appropriate for the younger viewers.
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  9. What kind of shoot is most difficult?
    Sexy themes like nude and boudoir. When less body parts are hidden or covered, it means you have to really work on them to show that the model is elegant. If the subject doesn't know or trust me enough, it can be awkward, which will affect the overall performance. Being tasteful and distasteful are also just a line apart.
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  10. Can I do photoshoot if I can't pose?
    You can still do photoshoot if we can think of suitable theme for you. This is why I find it easier to do a lifestyle shoot.
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  11. Can you pose me like a professional model?
    Yes and no. Many non models can be very stiff in body or their mentality just make posing impossible. Most people have problems even to differentiate between 'left' and 'right' while my principle in photoshoot is, the photographer should never touch the model. Therefore, it's difficult to get it right, unless we have lots of time. Most of all, I don't think I'm an expert in posing my subject while most photographers, although they claim they can, can't as well.
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  12. Do you take very closed up photos during every photo shoot?
    It depends. If a professional hair and makeup artist is involved, I would want to snap at least a few closed up headshot photos, else it would be a big waste. However, most of the time, my clients are not very good in their own makeup and hairstyling, and thus I have my reserve to get a closed up shot. I'm not a makeup artist and thus I won't be able to do magic even I know how to use Photoshop.
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  13. Can I bring my boyfriend along for my personal shoot?
    No. It will be awkward, at least for me. Do bring a female friend along who can help out a bit here and there, and not just act as a bodyguard for you because it's quite insulting for me for doubting my character.
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  14. What can I get from you by having a shoot together?
    You will be able to get some decent quality photos (if you can cooperate) and most importantly, you will not be taken advantage of during the shoot.
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  15. I like your personal tagline 'You don't have to be pretty to appear in photos; you just need to appear pretty in photos'. Will you shoot for me for free?
    If you can benefit my portfolio in term of your looks or theme, I will definitely consider. If you love children, will you help me to give birth to a dozen of them for free?
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  16. What makes your portrait photos look good?
    Thank you, but they can be done so much better! Other than having a minimum planning, the model(s) play(s) a huge deciding factor as well. On my part, I can only try to make them feel comfortable in front of the camera and also lead them into the mood. Apart from that, it is about my vision of tasteful photos, which is also being imparted from my HMUA friend.
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  17. Why do you want to try different genres and shooting styles instead of sticking to just a few?
    It's more interesting and it's good to know a bit of everything in order to learn more and apply the knowledge and experience in future when needed. No one knows what is good for him/her until after trying. I also wish to cater to a wider range of customers.
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  18. What are the main differences between doing a shoot in a studio and outdoor location?
    Outdoor shoot is usually more interesting while studio shoot is usually limited to the plain backdrop, unless you have the budget and time to doll up the studio to create special scenes. A studio is more comfortable and has more privacy, except some that have installed CCTV. For a studio shoot, there won't be wind and thus lighting can be set up easier. Of course, there are many other pros and cons for both.
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4.0. Models / Wannabes

  1. Should I trust a portrait photographer as long as I can't find his name being blacklisted online?
    Always try to find out more because some blacklisted photographers have been changing their names/nicks/aliases to avoid being recognised.
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  2. Do you do TFCD photoshoot?
    Yes but limited and selective - only with models who can benefit my portfolio. That means the model must be good looking, has good attitude, fits the themes I'm looking at.
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  3. What are your goals in collaborating with models?
    There are numerous of them. My initial goal, like most new photographers, was mainly to build up portfolio. Now that my work is available online, I'm mainly into marketing purpose to allow more people to know about my art and also to have a wider range of genres in my portfolio.
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  4. Will I become famous after doing a shoot with you?
    Not really - only to a certain extent - unless you are daring enough and we work on some themes that can really attract attention. Some of my models are being recognised on the street. I'm skilled in internet marketing and you will be exposed to online places such as my Facebook and website definitely, but web presence has its limit.
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  5. As a model, why do I need a good portfolio?
    The quality of photographers and clients who will approach you is likely linked to the quality of your portfolio. This means that if your portfolio is filled with lousy quality photos, your chance of being approached by others will be lower. If your photos look distasteful or sleazy, you are likely to attract more 'pornographers'.

    Unfortunately, not everyone knows how to judge qualities of photos. If you are hot, most of your fans are likely to compliment you whenever you upload any new photo, such that your ego may have blinded your judgement.
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  6. Do models reward you with "special things" during or after the shoot?
    Fortunately, all my models are decent and they understand my passion is solely in photography. Do note that even if the theme the model has done is bikini or glamour shoot, it does not imply any indecency in her character. There is a saying "you don't eat at where you shit" and professional photographers are usually skeptical of being dragged into scandals. To answer this question directly, yes, they do reward me with friendship, trust and respect, and these are some of the most special things in life.
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  7. Do you plan a lot for each portrait shoot?
    I usually plan the basics and the rest will be on location inspiration. Basic planning includes the model's looks and outfits and researching about the shooting location. Anything more than that is not very advisable since most models are not sincere and it will be a waste of time eventually. Often, the models are not quick in their replies and thus will be leaving things to the last minute.
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5.0. Interior Photoshoot

  1. Why should I engage a photographer when I have my phone camera?
    You have to ask yourself whether do you need good quality photos or do you need to print the photos. If your answer is 'no', I would also advise you to save the money in order to cut cost.

    For an interior design company, it is always good to showcase your work to clients with good quality photos, which will raise your image and benefit you in the long run.
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  2. What are the equipment needed for interior photography?
    For minimum, a camera, wide angle lens and tripod. There is of course different quality of each equipment.
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  3. Do you use fisheye lens for interior photography?
    I don't own it and I also don't intend to get it any time soon unless I suddenly become very rich. Fisheye lens will cause distortion, which I would use for creativity purpose and not for commercial shoot. I'm happy enough to use a wide angle lens like 16-35mm F4L for interior shoot and that already does give me headaches of having distortion.
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  4. Why is so much time needed for an interior shoot?
    In order to capture photos with more depth of field to keep everything sharp, a long exposure is required, thus the camera has to be placed on a tripod stand. Adjusting the tripod to each intended angle requires a lot of time.
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  5. What make interior photography difficult?
    Mirror and reflective surfaces. Of course, they can also be used for creative shots (if there is sufficient time).
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  6. What do I need to prepare before the shoot?
    Pack and clean the place accordingly to what you intend to let the viewers see on the photos.
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  7. Do you use flash for interior shoot?
    Although I will bring my equipment along, I rarely use any so that I will not change the interior designer's planned lighting. Besides, I like to keep everything natural.
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6.0. Experiences

  1. What's your worst encounter before a portrait shoot?
    A foreign 'model' approached me to collaborate and I got my HMUA friend involved. However, this model dragged on and started discussing with me only just a couple of days before touching down on Singapore. Even though I had made her go through my agreement page for collaboration when she first contacted me, she refused to send us photos of her outfits that we would be working on. I was annoyed by her arrogance and told my HMUA that I did not want to shoot with her. I did not reject her directly but luckily, she eventually told me she wanted to cancel the shoot. She told me she had worked as a model before but surprisingly she did not even know what do 'HMUA' stand for. She probably did not work with any HMUA before, such that she did not know the professionals would need details for proper planning. Of course, those 'photographers' who had worked with her before were probably not into details for their shoots.

    A local 'model' approached me for collaboration and asked me to compensate her. I ignored her ignorance. Months later, she approached me to collaborate in a bikini shoot that I had in mind. Her body was a little big frame and had big manly face but her big boobs were good for sexy bikini shoot. She was so open-minded to even suggest using lingerie to shoot in urban area. She wanted to do it on the next morning but before we decided on anything, she went to bed without informing me, leaving me stay awake to wait for her reply. She woke up in the morning and asked me stupidly whether we would still proceed when it was already a couple of hours to noon. We were discussing to do it on the coming Saturday morning but she suddenly claimed she was having period and could not do it and asked me to do a fashion shoot instead, sending me photos of her low-cut short dresses. Throughout the entire conversation since day one, I did not want to hurt her esteem and thus not mentioning about her looks, thinking that I could challenge myself to play with angles of face and lighting. Even for her 'oppositely shaped' eyebrows, I tried to put words nicely and she promised me she would do something about it. On the final night, I thought using similar sexy dresses was boring and that I could not find anything suitable on her Facebook photos. I asked her if she had a loose top and she started showing her attitude. I did not want to mess with her anymore but she still approached me on the 'actual day' itself and even wanted to bring forward the time. When I asked her about her eyebrow and she threw me attitude again. Since I saw that she was very immature and well-pampered, I saw no point in talking to her anymore. I typed a long message in the nicest words I could ever use on her with the intention of getting her to give up, and she threw lots of nasty words at me. I was glad that I had decided not to work with her.
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  2. What's your worst encounter during a portrait shoot?
    The model went drinking just a few hours before the shoot and I could smell alcohol from a distance away. She also made me wait for more than an hour.
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  3. What's your worst encounter after a portrait shoot?
    It was when I was still inexperienced and open to work TF with 'models' who might not be the cut to become real models. She was the same model mentioned above with no makeup and had quite bad complexion who insulted me with nasty words while trying to chase me for the photos. During that period of time, I was very busy with work while the photos would require long time and big effort to touch up due to her complexion and that her figure was not maintained. I deleted the photos in the end.
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  4. What's the most saddening moments after a portrait shoot?
    So far, two incidents.

    The first model gave me a bad timing and the photos didn't turn up as good as expected mostly due to the lighting and there was no time to set up my equipment. The model was late, claimed she was very thirsty (had to end the shoot soon to get drinks) and she had to rush off to meet her potential boyfriend. After the shoot, with the help of my HMUA friend online, I had to edit her makeup when I knew nuts about makeup, by re-doing and re-sending the photos to my HMUA friend numerous times. In fact, the photos turned out much better than her existing outdoor shoots' but the model was not satisfied. She even used her phone app, edited one of the original photos by just blurring her face, and claimed that it looked much better than my final version. In the end, she did the most dramastic thing by commenting on the photo on my page that she didn't like it.

    The second incident was a more disappointing one after I worked with a good HMUA and model. The HMUA wanted to have the three looks shot near her studio so that she could do the makeup and hair at the comfort of the studio. Since the first looks was a little revealing, I was a bit lost but decided to accept the HMUA's proposal to use the small studio after I failed to find a better location while they were doing the makeup. For the second and third locations, I had them planned but the HMUA was detailed in her work and that she 'last minute' had something on and I had to use the 'interior' of the building for the last shoot instead. After the shoot, things went fine and the model liked the photos. We had discussion for the next shoot but the model dragged for months. Eventually, she confessed to me that she thought the HMUA and her had already done their part by choosing the outfits on their own (which I actually did with the HMUA privately after she sent the HMUA some of her outfits) and that she thought I didn't do 'my part' of selecting the locations well.
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  5. What's the worst shoot you have done?
    My good friend got my help to take up a project together for a very reputable institution. The client didn't state all the special ridiculous requirements before I gave the quotation. I didn't want to do the job but the client has already unofficially confirmed my services and I didn't want to put my friend in a tight spot. Eventually, more ridiculous things came out. One of the worst things was the planning of schedule from 9am to 10am and 4pm to 5pm, wasting my three entire days. Besides, there was no clear instruction and thus I was very lost during the shoot. Isn't photography supposed to be something fun?
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  6. Do you regret not buying an advanced camera right at the start?
    No, working with the more entry level cameras help me to know the limitation and thus allow me to pick up the basics. If I had begun with one of the best gears, I would be in deep shit when I have to handle more basic ones.
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  7. What's your biggest regret so far?
    I was invited to a friend's friend's fashion show to do shooting. There were at least two other outspoken photographers who had turned up much earlier. Since I did not like 'fighting', especially at crowded places, I lay back and kept in very low profile. Even during the group shoot in the end, I was blocked by all the photographers and 'photographers'. I did not perform well due to my lack of experience but it turned out that the quality of my photos were obviously much better than any of theirs. It was a total waste of chance to not get better photos, especially of potential models, by giving up all the good spots to others when they could not perform.
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  8. What's your most embarrassing moment during a shoot?
    I took up a cheapo project because the girl who had approached me sounded very nice and I was curious about it. Eventually, I had to work with a very experienced and highly confident director and the extremely insufficient time disallowed me to set up the basic equipment. He obviously did not know it was just a cheapo project that was supposed to be paid by the PR/marketing company. By the way, the company was cheapo enough to delay my cheapo payment for around four months after contacting them for around ten times. By then the girl who had approached me had already left the company.
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  9. Have you paid any model for photoshoot before?
    No. When I was new, I had nice online and offline friends who modelled for me for free. The models gained free photos as well. As my skill improves, it's needless to say that the models who work with me have benefited even more.
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  10. Did you get turned on while doing boudoir photoshoot?
    No. I'm a dedicated and stubborn guy and would be too focused in thinking of how to capture good photos. During a shoot, there are just too many important things to think of, such as poses, lighting, background and composition. It's more of the intention of the photographer that will cause his mind to wander around. If the photographer is purely into getting good photos, he probably can control himself; unlike some 'photographers' who are paying for models to remove their clothes instead of the models paying them, they are very likely to want to have something more than just a photoshoot.
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  11. Do you get to see 'free show' during photoshoot?
    There will sometimes be wardrobe malfunction and upskirt (often) during shoots, which I have 'immune' to. Everyone else around will definitely get to see more because the photographer's job is supposed to not let any unglamourous thing appear in the lens. As I'm quite protective of my models, I may even call for a rest when there are too many onlookers/passers-by during a sexy shoot.

    There was once after I did an outdoor dancing shoot, the model jokily told me many people got to see 'free show'. She had raised her legs to do splitting with her side facing me and thus I did not know the upskirt had even happened from my angle.

    The worst thing that can happen is when the expression and posture of the model inside a photo are perfect but a little part of underwear is revealed. The photo won't be tasteful anymore and thus cannot be used.

    This is the reason why I'm trying hard to work only with female assistants.
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  12. What are your achievements so far for event photography?
    I have clients paying me extra money right at the end of the events without even looking at the photos. It shows that they appreciate my effort a lot and like my character. Eventually, they claim that they love the photos I have produced and I think I should believe them.
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  13. Which is the most generous group of clients for event shoot?
    From my experience SO FAR, Chinese and Caucasian individuals are generous although they may not make it obvious during the discussion. When they see that you are hardworking and they like your attitude, they may give you extra money (tips) in the end. Caucasians may even give tips before the start of the shoot. Don't expect to get any extra buck for doing any corporate event because the cheques are likely to be prepared beforehand, moreover, the person (likely not the boss) who contacts you is not able to make such decision. Companies are also trying hard to cut down on cost. However, they may cater good food for you depending on the job scope. I have gotten free buffet at hotel's restaurant.
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  14. Do you have clients who are unsatisfied with your services?
    Yes, of course, since no one is perfect and that not every client can have the rapport with me. As I'm quite selective in working with clients and that most clients are kind and appreciative, this is rare though.

    So far, I know of a client who may not like my services for she either does not understand the constraints and she has asked for discount (I have rejected of course). It was a boudoir shoot and she booked the worst studio I had come across. A lot of time was wasted on setting up the place and for her to get changed into the two outfits and changed back to her own clothes within the 2-hour timeframe, and also for her to prepare the service agreement document to be signed on (first and only client who ever demanded it). She also had some sample photos that completely did not suit the setting of the studio, while she refused to listen to my advice that it would not work out. I also had communication problem with her as she could not figure out 'right' and 'left' easily while I was not able to guide her physically. Since she had not undergone any modelling training and probably could not pose, I had told her to bring along a props but she did not bring despite promising me to. Her wardrobe was weird and worst still, there was a CCTV inside the studio, which made her even more awkward and self conscious. Our initial plan was to come out with only five final photos for full retouching and that she told me to delete those that obviously would not work out. Eventually, she compared the number of photos I sent her with her previous OUTDOOR normal shoot with PROPS and much better BACKGROUND that the 'photographer' did without using FLASH while she was well covered and standing.
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  15. What is the worst studio you have used?
    One of the worst studios I had used was booked by my client. It was badly designed and maintained. It was a rectangular shape room. The equipment were placed on the longer side of it and the opposite side was a stretch of full length glass windows. The curtain was made of reflective material and it did not cover the bottom of the glass fully. Even a part of the curtain was spoiled and could not be closed fully to block off the sun. There was a full length glass door at the end of the windows just next to the backdrop, which could not be covered.

    The bad design about this studio was that since the curtain was made of reflective material and there was sunlight entering from the bottom, it was impossible to use it as a backdrop, unless for specific theme that would require the shiny background while lighting underneath was neglible. Therefore, the angle of shoot was limited. Whereas, for the backdrop area, there would be sunlight hitting the subject directly during day time.

    Their website claimed it was a private studio but there was a CCTV inside, which made any form of private shoot impossible. Besides, their staffs would keep entering the room to get things . Lastly, the floor was pretty dusty and the backdrop was old.
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  16. What are the kind things done by clients?
    The staff of a company ordered a bowl of shark's fin soup for me despite I had told her not to prepare any food for me during the gala dinner. A guest gave me a free copy of National Geographic from his hotel room as he knew I loved photography. During a portrait shoot, a couple treated me to good champagne. Dinner treat from clients after portrait shoot. Another family asked the waitress to bring me a chair to rest during an event shoot. A lady gave me tips before her event even started... etc. I'm overwhelmed by kindness.
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  17. What weird things some clients have done?
    A client asked me to call him and when I was on the phone with him, he told me he was working.
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  18. What kind of clients you cannot communicate with?
    There was once after the client sent me a couple of photos hers, I asked her when were they taken and she questioned me why it was relevant - the tone was just not very friendly, or rather, she was very self-conscious. It instantly defined the wall between both of us. The worst thing was that the photos were underexposed and that I could not get to see other photos of hers to do any planning.

    Another type of clients are people who would ask me about the 'estimated' quantity of photos.
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  19. What kind of clients are considered annoying?
    There are quite a few types of them. The most common ones are those who go MIA after getting my quotation. The worst ones confirm the shooting date with me and go MIA before transferring me the booking fee.
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7.0. Website, Social Media & Contact

  1. How much did you pay to get this website done?
    I have done everything by myself. I'm a self taught web designer and programmer, and have gone through IT courses. Although I only know the basics but at least I'm able to get things done. For the design part, I wish I have the time to do a better job. In order to save time, I have also hot-linked most of the photos from Facebook directly, and that's why loading speed may be slower, image quality is reduced and sometimes Facebook does change the direct link of the photos...
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  2. Why do some photos appear to be 'dead' sometimes?
    At the initial stage of setting up this website, I had hot-linked most of the photos from Facebook directly in order to speed things up. Eventually Facebook begins to prevent hotlinking by coming out with coding to change the direct URL of images periodly. Everytime after the URL of an image changes, it will appear to dead on my website. I have been trying not to depend on Facebook.
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  3. What are the purposes of this website?
    1. Showcase my photography work
    2. Get funding for my photography equipment
    3. Educate people on photography
    4. Make friends with people who appreciate me and my art
    5. Provide photography tips to help others
    6. Promote honest and talented people in related industries.
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  4. What sort of marketing do you do for this website and your photography business?
    Purely internet marketing. Also, I'm lucky that I have a good friend who has taught me how to do SEO (Search Engine Optimization).
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  5. Do you do links exchange?
    Yes, contact me!
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  6. Why is there no write-up for certain of your portrait albums?
    (1) I'm too busy and gradually forget about it over time.
    (2) I have shot with the model before.
    (3) I don't have much interaction with the model, including those shoots that I have set up with third party.
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  7. Why don't you list your contact number on your website/Facebook?
    I don't like to receive random calls just to enquire about prices. Moreover, my sleeping time is not regular and I don't wish to be disturbed. I'm very afraid of stalkers as well - you never know how crazy people can be. Most of all, I prefer to communicate via internet using my keyboard (not even my mobile phone).
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  8. Why don't you list your email address on your website?
    I don't wish to be spammed. There are too many shameless salespersons out there who will just grab email addresses and do their spamming.
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  9. Don't you think people will skip you if you don't list your contact details upfront?
    I do agree that I will lose out many opportunities to work with people. However, I believe in people contacting me because they like my work (photos) and not just desperately looking for photographers. People who really appreciate my work won't mind logging into Facebook to contact me via Facebook messages. I have worked with clients who obviously don't update their Facebook accounts at all and yet they have made effort to log in to contact me. Besides, people are likely to be more serious when they are not anonymous and Facebook will display their photos and details, depending on their privacy. Moreover, I would need to look at the client's photos to at least be mentally prepared for the shoot.
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  10. Are the models as good as you have described in their individual pages?
    I'm a very frank person and thus you can rest assured that what I have put down are always true, at least, for the shoot. However, since no one is perfect, there may be some shortcomings in everyone. I don't think it's nice for me to pen bad things down.
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8.0. Working Style

  1. Why do you ask me many non-photography related questions?
    I try to do this often for all types of shoots, including portrait and event. Most of the time, clients don't exactly know what they really want as well. It is to connect to you more, to roughly gauge what your sub-conscious wants from the shoot, to try to come out with something that can resemble your good memories and to build my confidence in working with you. If I don't know much about the shoot, I may feel lost during the shoot.

    That is to say if you don't open up to me, we probably won't have the rapport to work together; I'm also likely unable to do my best during the shoot.
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  2. Why is your rate sometimes higher than usual?
    There are many factors, including your requirement, that will help to determine the price. For example, if I'm very busy during that period of time, I may probably charge a higher rate to compensate for the effort. I may not be rich but I'm not a slave to money who will accept just any job by lowering my value.
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  3. What kind of people will you avoid working with?
    Just as people choose photographers, I choose people to work with too. I'm nowhere near arrogant and it is just to protect myself.

    1. People who are arrogant - photography is something that should be fun.
    2. People who are overconfident - they tend to overpromise and are less detailed.
    3. People who can't communicate well - there is a high chance there will be miscommunication.
    4. People who weighs quantity over quality - I prefer working with people who appreciate arts and trust me that I will do my best.
    5. People who are stingy - there is a high chance that he/she may be over-particular over small things.
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  4. Why do you only shoot in RAW and not together with JPG?
    1. To allow the camera to write faster to the memory card.
    2. Every photo will usually require basic editing to adjust the colour and exposure, and thus I don't see the need of camera's instant generated JPG.
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  5. Why do you add a copyright watermark to all photos that you upload?
    There are nasty rippers who will steal photos. I have the responsibility to protect my models and my rights. By adding watermark on the photos, it will reduce the chance of photos being stolen.
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  6. Why are some of your work being cut/cropped off awkwardly at your models' Instagram profiles?
    They have obviously done it without my approval. The original ratio/dimension is the artist's vision of the photograph and if it's been cropped by another person, it doesn't represent the artist's view. Unfortunately, Instagram still has restriction over the dimension of photographs even though they have relaxed on the square ratio. Many Instagram users are either ignorant of using third party app to add side borders to make the photograph square before uploading or they are ignorant of the facts that they are hurting the photographers' reputation - cropping of photographs can make big difference to the focus of the subjects.
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9.0. Personal

  1. What is the most difficult thing about photography?
    Educating clients. To most clients, photography is just about clicking the camera and they think using good camera alone is enough. They usually don't understand all the constraints. Many things are very technical and thus they won't be able to know even if I were to explain in details. For example, when I warn them about lighting issues, they usually won't care. To them, they simply want good photos even though they are likely not able to judge the quality of photos. Whereas for shoots like interior and product, they will try to be the expert to estimate the time required instead.
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  2. Why are you selective of clients and jobs?
    Even though I'm not financially stable, I'm not desperate for money. For clients, I prefer working with those who approach me because they love my photos instead of those who are simply looking for cheap deals. The result will be very different because if I feel the connection and kindness from the clients, I can certainly do better during the shoot with the confidence. Whereas for shoppers, there is higher chance of problems emerging before, during or after the shoot. For jobs, I'm looking at those who can help to build up my portfolio.
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  3. How good is your photography skill?
    Photography is wide and has many categories. I have knowledge in most of them but not practical experience. My current experience is mainly on people photography (portrait and event shoot). When compared to most hobby photographers, I'm better than them but I'm probably still behind those very experienced full-time photographers in terms of skill. Hence, I try to be creative and hardworking at times to compensate for it. Viewers can judge by themselves through my more recent portfolio.
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  4. Are you very experienced in photography?
    I'm definitely not experienced enough, especially when it comes to handling clients. Instead of boasting like others, I usually sound less confident so that clients will have a lower expectation, so that they will become happier when they receive the photos. I feel so much more comfortable doing voluntary work instead but I have to face the ugly fact of life that I'm not born with silver spoon. I need more practices.
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  5. Will you lower down your rate just to take up more photoshoot projects?
    No. Quality of photos matters most to me and I don't want to feel underpaid and under-appreciated, and eventually put in only 50% of my effort. Most of all, I don't wish to undercut the market.
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  6. How open-minded are you?
    When it comes to photography, I'm extremely open as long as the shoot is tastefully done. My character is, however, very traditional.
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  7. Do you plan to go into full-time photography?
    Not at the moment. I'm worried that my passion will be killed when money's factors pour in. Besides, there are still too many things for me to pick up. However, I would be glad to own a photography-related business in future.
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  8. How many shoots do you do in a month?
    I'm very inconsistent in this and thus unable to give an answer. I can only say that I'm doing very limited number of shoot.
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  9. Why don't you go to all the car and IT shows to take photos of models for marketing, networking and building of portfolio?
    1. I'm very busy.
    2. Too many stalkers and perverts are doing that and I'm not confident that people would not associate those people with me.
    3. I'm a passive guy and none of the models has invited me personally to show my support - I'm not taking into account of those models who do mass spamming in Facebook.
    4. I'm not those PR guys who can fake smiles in order to network and speed up their success.
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  10. Why do you have so few photos of yourself?
    I'm the one holding onto the camera.
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  11. Why don't you take photos with every model you have shot with?
    1. I usually forget it after a hard day work.
    2. Many 'photographers' have been doing that and some people are quick to judge the motive of the shoot, which I try to avoid.
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  12. Would you get a model as girlfriend?
    I will avoid. I have come across too many stories of photographers with ill-intention and I don't want to keep worrying for my girlfriend whenever she goes for job.
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  13. Can I borrow your equipment (camera, lens... etc)?
    No. I may need them any time, including the spare ones, and it's going to make life very difficult for me if anything happens to them.
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  14. Why do you not want to work with PR/advertising agencies and 'middle-man' companies?
    Bad experience - low budget, ridiculous demand and extremely late payment. Photography is a fun thing to do and we should not destroy the good feeling about it. Most advertising agencies in Singapore will probably give the same problems while big agencies with generous clients will rather go to big photography companies than to work with a low-lying freelance photographer.
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  15. Why don't you like to entertain new clients who ask you to call them on phone?
    I don't like to go over phone because I have poor memory and, unlike texting, I can't refer back to the conversation. Since every request is different, I will need time to work out the quotation. From my experience, most clients are just wasting my time. It is not worth the time to go over the phone before the clients have confirmed they are okay with the fee, which is usually the most important factor to them.
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  16. What are your non-photography worries for every shoot?
    Travelling - 'public' transport in Singapore is getting more unpredictable and I can't estimate the travelling time anymore. My meal time is another big problem for the shoots are usually done at weird hours while photography exhausts me both physically and mentally, draining off more energy than sports.
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10.0. Hair, Makeup & Grooming

  1. What's the most common mistake models make in their makeup?
    They do up their face with thick makeup without trimming and drawing their eyebrows. The contrast is too obvious. Many girls don't bother about their eyebrows.
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  2. Is engaging a hair and makeup artist necessary?
    Yes. Most of the time, the models can't do a proper job even though they think they can. I believe in specialization as not everyone can be all-rounders. If hair styling and makeup is so simple, there won't be such courses available with high pricing, and anyone can easily become a commercial hair and makeup artist.
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  3. What do you think of the Korean's straight and thick eyebrows for girls?
    Basically, most girls don't suit this type of eyebrows. Unfortunately, some girls still insist they look good in it because they are over-confident. Basically, most of these girls do show more skin in their photos and thus many guys LIKE their photos in Facebook and/or Instagram to get into their good books - they don't get honest feedback.
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  4. Can I wear a low-cut top if I don't have big boobs?
    Yes, your confidence level matters the most.
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11.0. General

  1. Why do some photographers charge much lower rates?
    Often, you pay for what you get - the quality of photos and services. They probably need to attract more clients as they are either newer to the industry or they have just converted to full-time photographers. They are undercutting the market and thus will be hated by professional photographers. Most of all, they will not be able to last long in the market if they don't start charging a higher rate soon, unless they are loaded and more of doing it as a hobby.
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  2. Why some photographers don't like to take up jobs from friends/relatives?
    Most of the time, these people are expecting special discount on account of the relationship with the photographers. This can be problematic to the photographers and may sour the relationships.
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  3. Will I get 100% satisfied photos if I were to engage a big photography company for my shoot?
    For event and non-studio shoot, no. The turnover rate may be high and thus the photographer being assigned to you may be less experienced. However, for shooting inside the company's studio, it's likely to be yes since everything, including the lighting, can be preset like a template.
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  4. Without the skill and knowledge in photography, how to get hot models to approach me?
    Be rich or good in PR skill. You can either pay for good models to work with you or you sweet-talk some hot models to show skin for you. In both ways, you can build up some hot portfolios and many aspiring models would approach you even if your work is very amateur. Some models will also go to you if they think you are popular.
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  5. Why is DSLR necessary when phone cameras can do reasonably good job?
    When lighting condition is good, actually phone cameras can produce quite good photos especially when you only need the photos in small resolution for web purpose. You can definitely judge the difference in quality of photos when you enlarge them or print them out. Most of all, you can't play much with the aperture and shutter speed, and the auto focus speed will be slower.
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  6. I'm obviously not good looking. Can I turn very pretty in a photoshoot?
    With the help of a good hair and makeup artist who can style you well, your looks will definitely improve tremendously. The photographer can also try to bring out the most natural moments of you. However, there will always be a limitation to how pretty you can get.

    Let's take for example, the sport, volleyball, and I. I'm short but I jump higher than most guys. However, I can never reach higher point than many people who are much taller.
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  7. I think my selfie photos look good after I have edited them using my phone app, don't you think so?
    If you think by just blurring out your face will make a photo look nice, I have nothing more to say other than we have too different taste.
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  8. What is the best angle to do selfie?
    Not everyone looks good in the same angle. However, for most people, lifting the camera higher may help to 'reduce' weight on the chin.
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  9. Why do my face look fatter in photos?
    Usually, camera phones' lenses are nearer to the 'wide' angle range. Imagine you are using a fisheye (ultra wide angle) lens, your face will be enlarged or distorted. The phone camera lens you are using is probably between the standard and fisheye lens' range. Try to keep your face in the middle of the photo to minimise distortion.
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  10. Does skin colour affect people photography?
    Yes. Darker skin tone absorbs more light and thus the lighting and post-production method/setting will be different from taking photos of a person with lighter skin tone. If you put two people with very different skin tones in a photo during an event, it will be more challenging than usual.
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  11. How do I become a photographer?
    Buy a camera and learn. It's too much details for me to explain here. Do look out for my future tips.
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